Laguna Above Ground

By · Friday, September 12th, 2008

Laguna Above Ground

The town of Chinle on the eastern periphery of the Painted Desert provides the gateway to the impressive and historic Canyon de Chelly National Monument. Monument National extends over an area of 131 square kilometers and incorporates the three main guns, these guns are de Chelly, Dead and The Monument. The guns were carved by flowing water from the mountains just east Chuska. The Rio de Chelly begins near Chuska mountains near the border between Arizona and New Mexico and west of the snakes before emptying into the Chinle Wash, sometimes is dwarfed by the flow of water 1,000 feet high vertical sandstone canyon walls that are about 200 million years.

Canyon de Chelly is one of the longest continuously inhabited landscapes in North America, the oldest known inhabitants were prehistoric Indians who lived in circular pit houses so that the word home had dug into the earth, these Indians were known for their basket weaving skills and are often referred to as baskets. Gradually introduced new ideas and baskets pottery developed skills as well as the use of bow and arrow, the style of their houses has also changed significantly from pithouses a rectangular stone buildings built above the ground. After the inhabitants of the canyon are 700AD known as Peoples, this is the Spanish word that means village and refers to the kind of village life that these Indians adopted. You will find hundreds of ruins of these villages scattered throughout the canyon floors. The cliff houses can be seen only in the Canyon de Chelly were built between 1100 and 1300AD during the time of the inhabitants of Pueblo are also known as the Anasazi.

For many years, between 1200 and 1300AD the four corners region of the United States was beaten by a long period drought, this area is called Four Corners because the states of Utah, Colorado, New Mexico and Arizona to sit next to each other, this drought is believed to have been the reason Why did the Anasazi increased and finally deserted Canyon de Chelly, there is evidence that the guns were occupied by the Hopi Indians for a time until about Navajo 1700s when he moved to the canyons of what is now northern New Mexico. The Navajo and Pueblo villages attacked Spanish settlements for many years always returning to Canyon de Chelly that had become his own stronghold, until in 1805 a Spanish expedition fought a battle with a group on Navajo Indians barricaded in a fortified rock shelter in the Canyon del Muerto, official reports of the time said 115 Navajos were killed and up to now known as the rock shelter Slaughter Cave.

Today Canyon de Chelly consists entirely of Navajo Tribal Trust Land and is within the boundaries of the Navajo Nation it is also unique as a unit of National Park Service because the Navajo work together with the NPS to support the Navajo community of working farm land and live in the canyon floors. Most of the visitors to the canyon during the year arrive by car, and if you also arrive by car then can see the views of Canyon de Chelly through two scenic drives, the North-South border units are free for you to perform at your own leisure. The unity of the South Rim is a journey of 36 miles long with about 5 viewpoints, while the unity of the North Rim is a journey of 32 miles about 3 overlooked.

Only one track is free of charge to do, but worth the effort to participate in, this is the way to the ruin of the White House, without a doubt the best of the Anasazi cliff dwellings to be named after a long wall covered with white plaster on top of the ruins, the trail is two and a half miles round trip you do not need a guide, but you must stay on the path at all times. The others must see the point of view is near the end of the South Rim unit, here Spider Rock, a towering 800-foot sandstone shot from the bottom of the canyon on the Canyon de Chelly, Monument Canyon union, the Navajos believe that a woman the spider lives on the top and protects the bones of their victims.

As there is no admittance to the canyon on their own, if he wanted a tour to the bottom of the canyon, then go right through the Thunderbird Lodge Monument Headquarters, here you can make a complete tour with guide Navajo special vehicles, capable of dealing with field gun, or if you own a 4×4 to take your own vehicle, you only need a guide go with you. Whatever your decision you can ensure that you have an excellent opportunity to see the Navajo to close, even have the opportunity to enter a hogan and a witness famous Navajo rug being made, if you're willing to tip the owner, but it's worth the ticket price is the only one of the stunning views that the walls are steep, red sandstone canyon that change color depending on the time of day.

Nigel Makin is the founder of [http://www.painted-desert-jewels.com] a website dedicated to promote awareness of Arizona’s beautiful Painted Desert.

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